Gum disease, also known as “Periodontal disease”, is the inflammation of the gums that can lead to tissue loss. Gum tissue is very important, as it holds teeth securely in place. Without this tissue, your teeth would fall out! Gum disease is caused by plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that grows constantly on teeth. If untreated, plaque can pull your gums away from your teeth, creating pockets where more bacteria can grow. This bacteria on your teeth can damage the tissue that supports your teeth, and even the bone!
Symptoms of Gum Disease:
There are many stages of gum disease. Gingivitis is the earliest stage, while periodontitis is an advanced disease. Gingivitis has symptoms of swollen, red gums and can be treated with a professional cleaning and proper oral hygiene. Periodontitis, on the other hand, requires a more in-depth cleaning that goes deep into the gum line.
- Red and swollen gums that bleed easily (for example: when you clean between or brush your teeth)
- Receding gum line
- Constant bad breath
- Pus between your teeth and gums
- Loose or moving teeth
- Change in your bite alignment
- Change in the way your partial dentures fit
Prevention of Gum Disease:
- Brush your teeth twice a day
- Clean between your teeth with floss, or another interdental cleaner, once a day
- Show your dentist and hygienist how you brush and clean between your teeth and ask if you can make any improvements
- Visit your dentist for a professional cleaning regularly
- The ADA recommends going to the dentist every 6 months
- Refrain from smoking and chewing tobacco
Researchers have found associations with gum disease and other diseases, some relating to the heart. Make sure to take care of your mouth every single day! Regular dental visits are so important to preventing periodontal disease. Here at Spring Dental, we want what is best for our patients, and that means good oral health! Come see us today so we can ensure you have a healthy and happy smile.